BeiDou Plans to Compete with Galileo
BeiDou Plans to Compete with Galileo to Offer ITS Products Like Global Navigation Services
In December 2013, on the first anniversary of BeiDou’s system providing full regional coverage in China, China Satellite Navigation System Management Office Director Ran Chengqi announced the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System’s Public Service Performance Standard. Publishing a Public Service Performance Standard is a well-known practice in the ITS industry; specifically in the world of satellite navigation system suppliers. The announcement of the Public Service Performance Standard is meaningful for the promotion of international cooperation, and application for China’s navigation system.
China at first joined Europe’s Galileo Positioning System project and reportedly planned to invest over €200 million in the project. However, the South China Morning Post in Hong Kong reported in 2008 that China was “unsatisfied with its role in the Galileo project”. BeiDou did not plan to be merely a “little partner” in this massive project. Instead, BeiDou is reportedly planning to compete with Galileo, and other ITS products in the global satellite industry.
China’s advanced BeiDou Navigation Satellite System is a navigation satellite system that offers regional, and global service. This navigation satellite system is an important part of China’s infrastructure in regards to space information, and the ITS industry. China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System even has independent intellectual property rights. The system is comprised of three parts: the space section, the ground section., and the user section. The space section is comprised of 5 geostationary orbit satellites, as well as 30 non-geostationary orbit satellites.
BeiDou-1, the first part of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System program, has been offering navigation services for customers in China and nearby regions since 2000. With the completion of BeiDou-1, China became the world’s third country capable of developing such a system, since the United States and Russia. During the 2008 Olympic Games, and also during the Wenchuan earthquake, the BeiDou-1 system was widely used, and offered remarkable, and useful data through its use of ITS products.
Now, China is in the process of implementing BeiDou-2, which is also known as The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System. This remarkable technology, which focuses on global navigation began offering services to the Asia-Pacific region in 2012. Global customers will be served with the completion of BeiDou-2 in 2020. The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System is an amazing ITS product, which will provide global coverage, positioning, navigation, timing services, as well as open and authorized service. Open service will be free of charge with a position accuracy of 10 meters, and a velocity accuracy of .2 meters/second. The timing accuracy for the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System will be 10 nanoseconds. The ground section contains stations, which include the main control station, injection stations, and monitoring stations. The user section includes users of the BeiDou system, some of which are compatible with other navigation satellite systems.
According to the BeiDou website, China is willing to cooperate with other countries to offer better global services, strengthened compatibility, and interoperability between the BeiDou satellites, and those of other countries. China looks forward to this cooperation in developing the satellite navigation industry and ITS products.
Check back for the latest news on the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, as the system continues to roll out until it’s completion in 2020. We’ll keep you up to date on Europe’s Galileo Positioning System, as well as BeiDou, and other ITS related events.